Semantic Orientations of Words
These are the lists of words and their semantic orientations for Japanese
and for English.
You are welcome to use this resource fro a non-commercial purpose.
The semantic orientation of a word indicates whether the word has
positive meaning (e.g., beautiful, excellent) or negative meaning (e.g.,
The semantic orientations were automatically computed using a lexical
network. Although the orientation should originally be binary (positive or
negative), our method assigned a real value in the range -1 to +1,
where the words assigned with values close to -1 are supposed to be
and the words assigned with values close to +1 are supposed to be
positive. The vocabulary was extracted from Iwanami dictionary for
Japanese, and from WordNet-1.7.1 for English.
You can download the files from these links [Japanese] [English]
Each line corresponds to a word.
The format of each line is:
word:reading:POS:semantic_orientation (for Japanese),
word:POS:semantic_orientation (for English).
English POS (part-of-speech) was symbolized as v for verb, n for noun, a
for adjective, r for adverb.
Semantic orientations for other POSs were not computed.
Redistribution of this resource is not allowed.
If you use this resource, please let me know
If you publish a paper using this resource, please cite the following paper:
- Hiroya Takamura, Takashi Inui, Manabu Okumura,
"Extracting Semantic Orientations of Words using Spin Model",
In Proceedings of the 43rd Annual Meeting of the Association for
Computational Linguistics (ACL2005) , pages 133--140, 2005.
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